The ground tissue of plants includes all tissues that are neither dermal nor vascular.It can be divided into three types based on the nature of the cell walls. The primary functions of plants, such as photosynthesis, assimilation, respiration, storage, secretion, and excretion—those associated with living protoplasm—proceed mainly in parenchymal cells. Parenchyma cells are usually isodiametric or polyhedral in shape. Parenchyma is the tissue made up of cells and intercellular spaces that fills the interior of the body of a flatworm, which is an acoelomate.This is a spongy tissue also known as a mesenchymal tissue, in which several types of cells are lodged in their extracellular matrices.The parenchymal cells include myocytes, and many types of specialised cells. Parenchyma are diverse cells and can have many different shapes and be very specialized in their function. Parenchyma definition is - the essential and distinctive tissue of an organ or an abnormal growth as distinguished from its supportive framework. parenchyma [pah-reng´kĭ-mah] the essential or functional elements of an organ, as distinguished from its framework, which is called the stroma. They may be produced with other xylem vells at the end of the growing season.

Parenchyma cells have thin primary walls and usually remain alive after they become mature. This is because they have a huge intercellular space they are well suited for storage. Parenchyma. Flatworms. Epidermis parenchyma: This kind of parenchymatous cells are elongated with zero intercellular space. They surround conducting elements and assist directly or indirectly in the conduction of water upwards through vessels and tracheids, and also serve for food storage. Function: Facilitates water and mineral conduction. xylem parenchyma: live plant cells that are short, lignified and generally thin walled. The function of the parenchyma is storage. They have only a primary cell wall and retain the ability for future cell division. Function: Facilitates conduction of food prepared by the leaves. adj., adj paren´chymal, parenchym´atous. Phloem parenchyma: This kind of parenchymatous cells possess elongated cells and encloses by a thin cell wall. They usually store starch and rather than having chloroplasts, they expand the special structure (amyloplasts) for example, this structure has high amount of starch present within the roots crops such as potatoes and cassava. A ground tissue of plants chiefly concerned with the manufacture and storage of food.

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