Numerous mounds were made by the ancient Native American cultures that flourished along the fertile valleys of the Mississippi, Ohio, Illinois, and Missouri Rivers a thousand years ago, though many were destroyed as farms spread across this region during the modern era. The Mound Builders: (Altered Landscapes).

Per archaeological investigations in the 1880s, the builders of the mound, 1,370 feet in length, were the people of the Adena Culture, which existed from about 1000 B.C.E. and/or the Hopewell Culture (c. 100 B.C.E.-550 C.E.). The Great Serpent Mound in rural, southwestern Ohio is the largest serpent effigy in the world. Some effigy mounds were constructed in the shapes or outlines of culturally significant animals. At least two different mound building cultures were present at the site in succession over time. Harvard gave the Serpent Mound to the State of Ohio in 1900, and today it remains a State Memorial open to the public, and managed by staff and volunteers of the Arc of Appalachia Preserve System. The Serpent Mound of Ohio, was first reported from surveys by Ephraim Squire, and Edwin Davis, in their historic volume; “Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley,” published in 1848 by the newly founded Smithsonian Origin

(12) The varying cultures collectively called Mound Builders were prehistoric inhabitants of North America who, during a 5,000-year period, constructed various styles of earthen mounds for religious and ceremonial, burial, and elite residential purposes. The Great Serpent Mound is a 1,300-foot long and 3-foot high prehistoric effigy mound located on a plateau of a crater along Ohio Brush Creek in Adams County, Ohio, and is the largest surviving prehistoric effigy mound in the world. For over 100 years, researchers attributed Serpent Mound to the Adena culture, as many of the smaller mounds of the area were built by the Adena. The Serpent Mound is located in Adams county, Ohio. I have argued that it makes much more sense as a Fort Ancient culture effigy mound. Who Built Serpent Mound and Why? It is just a fascinating effigy.” For over 100 years, researchers attributed Serpent Mound to the Adena culture, as many of the smaller mounds of the area were built by the Adena. Whether the site was built by the Fort Ancient peoples, or by the earlier Adena or Hopewell Cultures, the mound is atypical. It is claimed by some, as Neolithic, yet no-one seems to be able to definitively determine its age… A prehistoric effigy, located upon a plateau, apply named Serpent Mound Crater, in Adams County, Ohio. The primarily evidence for this discovery is that Adena-era burial mounds were found near the Serpent Mound. The mound measures more than 1,300 feet long and reaches up to 3 feet in height.

Serpent Mound 3850 State Route 73 Peebles, OH 45660 . Who Built the Mound? It is surrounded by rolling hills and farmland. October 19, 2018. Who Built the Great Serpent Mound?

Serpent Mound is an internationally known National Historic Landmark built by the ancient American Indian cultures of Ohio. “The great Serpent Mound is a really special place,” said archaeologist Bradley Lepper of the nonprofit Ohio History Connection, which owns the site. At 1,348 feet long, Ohio's Great Serpent Mound is the world's largest serpent effigy. Serpent Mound, probably built several hundred years after the Hopewell-era sites, is the largest documented surviving example of an ancient effigy mound in the world. The Great Serpent Mound is a large effigy mound located in rural southwestern Ohio, and it was built on a high plateau that overlooks the Ohio Brush Creek. In 1908, an observation tower was built and during the 1930s a museum and other visitor facilities were added. The Great Serpent Mound is 1,348 feet long, and runs along the landscape continually, three-feet-high. Bill has been arguing for years that the Serpent was built by the Hopewell culture. Depending upon who you talk to, the ancient mound builders responsible for Serpent Mound could be either the Adena people or the Fort Ancient people.

Carbon dates have shown that the Great Serpent was probably built by people of the “Fort Ancient” tradition, who followed centuries after the Hopewell. PHONE: The Serpent Mound is on State Route 73, six miles north of State Route 32 and 20 miles south of Bainbridge in Adams County.

Nearby are three burial mounds—two created by the Adena culture (800 B.C.– While ancient earthen structures of all types dot the Midwest, this effigy mound, on a narrow plateau overlooking Brush Creek, is the largest of its kind measuring in at 1,348 feet. The most famous effigy mound, Serpent Mound in southern Ohio, ranges from 1 to just over 3 ft tall (30–100 cm)., 20 ft (6 m) wide, more than 1,330 ft (405 m) long, and shaped as an undulating serpent.

Harvard gave the Serpent Mound to the State of Ohio in 1900, and today it remains a State Memorial open to the public, and managed by staff and volunteers of the Arc of Appalachia Preserve System. But carbon dating in 1996 revealed the spectacular mound was most likely built by, or at least renovated by, the Fort Ancient culture around 1070 AD. Serpent Mound in Adams County is one of the most interesting prehistoric sites in America.



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